Sufism’ Channels of Communication in Contemporary Era
It is widely known that Sufi order group (kelompok tarekat) has grown in many areas of Indonesia since the influx on Islam in archipelago several centuries ago. The religious group is currently still persistence elsewhere in Indonesia until nowadays. Usually, a Sufi order member has a special obligation to recite some sort of Quranic verses given by their Sufi teacher. Generally, the goal they want to achieve by joining sufi order is to calm their mind over worldly problems. Here, this is the importance to look at how they communicate with one another, especially delivering a message from the teacher to the member. In the rising of Islam of the Archipelago discourses (Islam Nusantara) among scholars as well as the undergo modernization within the Muslim community, the existence of the Sufi order needs to be more explained. Data from the research show that the persistent of this group is a result from continuously transferring tenets from the old generation to new generations one. In this regard, it is reasonable to see that channels of communication are very much used in this group so that they could still exist today. This article is steamed from qualitative research aiming at studying channels of communication operated in Sufi order group. Overall, although Sufi order is regarded as a rather traditional group, but its adaptation and adoption to modern communication technology could help it to continue its existence until the contemporary era.
Bagir, Z. A. (2013). Defamation of Religion Law in Post-Reformasi Indonesia: Is Revision Possible?. Australian Journal of Asian Law, Vol 13 No 2, Article 3.
Berg, B. L. (2001). Qualitative research methods for the social sciences (4th ed.). Needham Heights, MA: Allyn & Bacon.
Bruinessen, M. V. (1994). The Origins And Development Of Sufi Orders (Tarekat) In Southeast Asia. Studia Islamika - Indonesian Journal for Islamic Studies, vol. 1, No.1.
___________________ (1998). Studies of Sufism and the Sufi Orders in Indonesia. Die Welt des Islams, New Series, Vol. 38, Issue 2 (Jul.).
___________________ (1999). Controversies and Polemics Involving the Sufi Orders in Twentieth-Century Indonesia in Frederick de Jong and Bernd Radtke (eds), Islamic Mysticism Contested: Thirteen Centuries of Controversies and Polemics, Leiden: Brill.
Richard et al. (2014). Media & Culture: Mass Communication in Digital Age. Ninth Edition. Boston & New York: Bedford/ST. Martins.
Creswell, J. W. (2003). Research Design Qualitative, Quantitative and Mixed Methods Approaches Second Edition. New Delhi: Sage Publications.
Inger, F. & Pal, R. (2006). An Introduction to the Sociology of Religion. Classical and Contemporary Perspective. England: Ashgate.
Gibson, T. (2007). Islamic Narrative and Authority in Southeast Asia: From the 16th to the 21st Century. New York: Palgrave Macmillan.
Noorhaidi, H. (2008). Reformasi, Religious Diversity, and Islamic Radicalism after Suharto. Journal of Indonesian Social Sciences and Humanities, Vol. 1.
Yaqin, A. M. A. (2013). Komunikasi anggota Organisasi Masyarakat (Ormas) Islam Dalam Membentuk Konsep Diri (Studi Deskriptif Jamaah Tariqah Naqsyabandi Sumenep). Retrieved from https://www.academia.edu/4874163/KOMUNIKASI_ANGGOTA_ORGANISASI_MASYRAKAT_ORMAS_ISLAM_DALAM_MEMBENTUK_KONSEP_DIRI_Studi_Deskriptif_Jamaah_Tariqah_Naqsyabandi_Sumenep_JURNAL_JURUSAN_ILMU_KOMUNIKASI_FAKULTAS_ILMU_SOSIAL_DAN_ILMU_POLITIK_UNIVERSITAS_BRAWIJAYA_MALANG_2013.
Moore, D. M. (M.), Burton, J. K., & Myers, R. J. (2004). Multiple-Channel Communication: The Theoretical and Research Foundations of Multimedia. In D. H. Jonassen (Ed.), Handbook of research on educational communications and technology (pp. 979-1005). Mahwah, NJ, US: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates Publishers.
Mudhoffir, A. M. (2015). Political Islam and Religious Violence in Post-New Order Indonesia. Masyarakat: Jurnal Sosiologi, Vol. 20 No. 1.
Mufid, A. S. (2006). Tanglukan, Abangan dan Tarekat. Kebangkitan Agama di Jawa. Jakarta: Obor.
Mulyati, S. (2010). Peran Edukasi Tarekat Qadiriyah Naqsabandiyah Dengan Referensi Utama Suryalaya. Jakarta: Prenada Media Group.
Ricklefs, M. C. (2012). Islamisation and Its Opponent in Java. A Political, Social, Cultural and Religious History, c. 1930 to the Present. Singapore: NUS Press.
Salahudin, A. (2013). Komunikasi Kaum Tarekat Studi Tentang Pola-Pola Komunikasi Dalam Kelompok Tarekat Qadiriyah Naqsyabandiyah di Pesantren Suryalaya Tasikmalaya. Jurnal IJAD, Vol. 3 Nomor 1 Edisi April.
Sanina et al. (2017). The Effectiveness of Communication Channels in Government and Business Communication. Journal Information Polity, No. 22.
Su et al. (2009). Interpersonal Influence as an Alternative Channel Communication Behavior in Emerging Markets: The Case of China. Journal of International Business Studies, Vol. 40, No. 4.
Yu, L. (2005). The Great Communicator: How FDR's Radio Speeches Shaped American History. Journal the History Teacher, Vol. 39, No. 1 (Nov.)
https://nasional.tempo.co/read/1174180/pesan-luthfi-bin-yahya-untuk-ustad-abdul-somad/full&view=ok, accessed 15 March, 2019
- There are currently no refbacks.