Jurnal Psikologi Sosial, Vol 15, No 2 (2017)

Font Size:  Small  Medium  Large

Pahlawan: Siapa mereka? Pendekatan psikologi indigenous

Bony Yulvia Azri, Ivan Muhammad Agung

Abstract


Pahlawan merupakan istilah yang banyak digunakan di budaya Indonesia. Pahlawan merujuk pada diri seseorang karena keberanian, kekuatan, pengorbanan dan kemampuan untuk mengatasi permasalahan. Beberapa penelitian tentang pahlawan dalam perpektif psikologi telah banyak dilakukan di Barat. Namun penelitian konsepsi pahlawan dalam perspektif psikologi di Indonesia masih jarang atau belum dilakukan. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengeskplorasi siapa dan apa karakteristik pahlawan pada mahasiswa. Penelitian menggunakan pendekatan psikologi indigenous dengan pertanyaan terbuka. Respon jawaban dikode, dikategori, dan dianalisis menggunakan analisis kualitatif dan kuantitatif. Partisipan adalah mahaisswa UIN sultan Syarif Kasim Riau berjumlah 300 mahasiswa (rerata umur 21 tahun). Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa sebagian besar menjadikan orangtua sebagai pahlawan (64,3%), tokoh nasional/komunitas (17,3%) dan pendidik (16,7%) dan terdapat delapan karakteristik pahlawan, yaitu, dominan (24.67%), peduli (19%), karismatik (13%), inspiratif (11,67%), tangguh (9,66%), tanpa pamrih (9%), mendidik (8,67%) dan terpercaya (4,33%). Implikasi hasil penelitian dibahas dalam konteks budaya Indonesia.

 

Hero is a term that often used in Indonesia. Heroes refer to a person because of courage, strength, sacrifice and ability to overcome problems. Some research on heroes in the perspective of psychology has been widely practiced in the West. However, hero in the perspective of psychology in Indonesia is still rarely investigated. This study aims to explore who and what characteristics of heroes by students. Research was using indigenous psychology approach by providing an open-ended question. The responses were coded, categorizationed, and analyzed which were using qualitative and quantitative analysis. Participants in the study were 300 students of UIN Sultan Syarif Kasim Riau, Indonesia. The result shows that participants considered the hero who are parent (64.3%), national leaders/community (17.3%) and teachers (16.7%). The analysis shows there are eight categories of heroes’s characteristics, which are dominant (24.67%), caring (19%), charismatic (13%), inspiring (11.67%), resilient (9.66%), selfless (9%), teaching (8.67%) and reliable (4.33%). The implications of this research will be discussed in the context of Indonesian culture.


Full Text: PDF (Bahasa Indonesia)

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Cited by:

google_scholar_for_jps_702

Indexed by:

one_search_for_jps_702 isjd_for_jps_702 base_for_jps_702 logo_sis_702 crossref_702 drji_702

View JPS Statistic

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.