Students’ Entrepreneurial Intentions by Using Theory of Planned Behavior: The Case in Indonesia
This research aims to study the intentions of students in entrepreneurship by using the theory of planned behavior of Fishbein and Ajzein. This study was conducted in six state universities in In- donesia, namely University A in Northern Sumatra, University B in Western Sumatra, University C in Jakarta, University D in Yogyakarta, University E in Eastern Java and University F in Southern Sulawesi with total sample of 600 fi nal year students. Data were analyzed using descriptive and in- ferential statistics using SPSS 11.5 and structural equation models using LISREL software to test the models. The result shows that the theory of planned behavior is proven signifi cant to predict students’ entrepreneurial intention simultaneously in those six universities, whereas subjective norm was the strongest variable in the modeling. However, signifi cant differences were found between results from each university, when analyzed separately. The model has different partial impact in each university, whereas the model only worked signifi cantly in University D and F. Meanwhile, in University A, B and E some variables do not signifi cantly infl uenced entrepreneurial intention and for University C, we believe that there are other variables that may explain the students’ entrepreneurial intention in University C since the model proved insignifi cantly to predict their entrepreneurial intention.
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