Vol 20, No 3 (2016) > Mechanical Engineering >

Thermoeconomic Optimization of Cascade Refrigeration System Using Mixed Carbon Dioxide and Hydrocarbons at Low Temperature Circuit

Nasruddin Nasruddin 1 , Arnas Arnas 1 , Ahmad Faqih 1 , Niccolo Giannetti 2

Affiliations:

  1. Department of Mechanical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Universitas Indonesia, Depok 16424, Indonesia
  2. Department of Applied Mechanics and Aerospace Engineering, Waseda University, 3-4-1 Okubo, 4 Shinjuku-ku, Tokyo 169-8555, Japan

 

Abstract: Many applications and industrial processes require very low cooling temperature, such as cold storage in the biomedical field, requiring temperature below -80 °C. However,single-cycle refrigeration systems can only achieve the effective cooling temperature of -40 °C and, also, the performance of the cycle will decrease drastically for cooling temperatures lower than -35°C. Currently, most of cascade refrigeration systems use refrigerants that have ozone depletion potential (ODP) and global warming potential (GWP), therefore, in this study, a cascade system is simulated using a mixture of environmentally friendly refrigerants, namely, carbon dioxide and a hydrocarbon (propane, ethane or ethylene) as the refrigerant of the low temperature circuit. A thermodynamic analysis is performed to determine the optimal composition of the mixture of carbon dioxide and hydrocarbons in the scope of certain operating parameters. In addition, an economic analysis was also performed to determine the annual cost to be incurred from the cascade refrigeration system. The multi-objective/thermoeconomic optimization points out optimal operating parameter values of the system, to
addressing both exergy efficiency and its relation to the costs to be incurred.
Keywords: Thermoeconomic, cascade, carbon dioxide, hydrocarbons, multi-objective
Published at: Vol 20, No 3 (2016) pages: 132-138
DOI:

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