Vol 12, No 1 (2008) > Articles >

Internet Congestion Control System

Pranoto Rusmin 1 , Carmadi Machbub 1 , Agung Harsoyo 1 , Hendrawan Hendrawan 1


  1. Sekolah Teknik Elektro dan Informatika, Institut Teknologi Bandung, Bandung 40132, Indonesia



Internet congestion occurs when resource demands exceeds the network capacity. But, it is not the only reason. Congestion can happen on some users because some others user has higher sending rate. Then some users with lower sending rate will experience congestion. This partial congestion is caused by inexactly feedback. At this moment congestion are solved by the involvement of two controlling mechanisms. These mechanisms are flow/congestion control in the TCP source and Active Queue Management (AQM) in the router. AQM will provide feedback to the source a kind of indication for the occurrence of the congestion in the router, whereas the source will adapt the sending rate appropriate with the feedback. These mechanisms are not enough to solve internet congestion problem completely. Therefore, this paper will explain internet congestion causes, weakness, and congestion control technique that researchers have been developed. To describe congestion system mechanisms and responses, the system will be simulated by Matlab.

Keywords: congestion control, flow control, router, AQM
Published at: Vol 12, No 1 (2008) pages: 19-26

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