Vol 16, No 1 (2012) > Articles >

Modification of Flow Structure Over a Van Model By Suction Flow Control to Reduce Aerodynamics Drag

Harinaldi Harinaldi 1 , Budiarso Budiarso 1 , Warjito Warjito 1 , Engkos Kosasih 1 , Rustan Tarakka 1 , Sabar Simanungkalit 1 , I Gusti Made Teryanto 1

Affiliations:

  1. Department of Mechanical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Universitas Indonesia, Depok 16424, Indonesia

 

Abstract:

Automobile aerodynamic studies are typically undertaken to improve safety and increase fuel efficiency as well as to  find new innovation in automobile technology to deal with the problem of energy crisis and global warming. Some car companies have the objective to develop control solutions that enable to reduce the aerodynamic drag of vehicle and  significant modification progress is still possible by reducing the mass, rolling friction or aerodynamic drag. Some flow  control method provides the possibility to modify the flow separation to reduce the development of the swirling structures around the vehicle. In this study, a family van is modeled with a modified form of Ahmed's body by changing the orientation of the flow from its original form (modified/reversed Ahmed body). This model is equipped with a suction on the rear side to comprehensively examine the pressure field modifications that occur. The investigation combines computational and experimental work. Computational approach used  a commercial software with standard k-epsilon flow turbulence model, and the objectives was  to determine the characteristics of the flow field and aerodynamic drag reduction that occurred in the test model. Experimental approach used load cell in order to validate the aerodynamic drag reduction obtained by computational approach. The results show that the application of a suction in the rear part of the van model give the effect of reducing the wake and the vortex formation. Futhermore, aerodynamic drag reduction close to 13.86% for the computational approach and 16.32% for the experimental have been obtained.

Keywords: active flow control, aerodynamic drag reduction, reversed Ahmed body, suction
Published at: Vol 16, No 1 (2012) pages: 15-21
DOI:

Access Counter: 1129 views, 812 PDF downloads, .

Full PDF Download

References:

S. Watkins, V. Gioacchino, J. Wind Eng. Ind. Aerodyn. 96 (2008) 1232.

Z.M. Kassim, A. Filippone, Transport. Res. Part D-Transport. Environ. 15 (2010) 275.

S. Ahmed, G. Ramm, G. Faltin, SAE Paper, Detroit, Michigan, USA, 1984, p.840300-01.

D. Sims-Williams, SAE Paper, Detroit, Michigan, USA, 1998, p.980391-01.

D. Bayraktar, D. Landman, O. Baysal, SAE Paper, Chicago, USA, 2001, p.2742-01.

A. Spohn, P. Gillieron, IUTAM Symposium Unsteady Separated Flows, Toulouse, France, 2002, p.1.

H. Lienhart, S. Becker, SAE Paper, Detroit, Michigan, USA, 2003, p.0656-01.

T. Han, American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics Journal, 27 (1989) 9.

B. Basara, V. Przulj, P. Tibaut, SAE Conf., Detroit, Michigan, USA, 2001, p.0701-01.

B. Basara, ASME Fluid Engineering Division Summer Meeting, Proceedings FEDSM99-7324, San Francisco, USA, 1999.

B. Basara, A. Alajbegovic, 7th Int. Symp. of Flow Modelling and Turbulence Measurements, Taiwan, 1998, p.1.

P. Gillieron, F. Chometon, ESAIM, 7 (1999) 173.

S. Kapadia, S. Roy, K. Wurtzler, 41st Aerospace Sciences Meeting and Exhibit, 0857 (2003) 1.

Harinaldi, Budiarso, R. Tarakka, S.P. Simanungkalit, Int. J. Mech. & Mechatronics Eng., IJMME-IJENS, 11/3 (2011) 24.

C.H. Bruneau, E. Creusé, D. Depeyras, P. Gilliéron, I. Mortazavi, Computers & Fluids., 39 (2010) 1875.

A. Kourta, P. Gillieron, J. Appl. Fluid Mech. 2 (2009) 69.

User’s Guide Manual of Fluent 6.3, Fluent Inc., Cavendish Court, September 2006, p.618.

M. Onorato, A.F. Costelli, A. Garonne, SAE, SP-569, International Congress and Exposition, Detroit, MI, 1984, p.85.

M. Roumeas, P. Gillieron, A. Kourta, Computers & Fluids. 38 (2009) 60.

M. Gad-El-Hak, Appeared in Applied Mechanics Reviews, 49 (1996) 365.

E. Fares, Computers & Fluids. 35 (2006) 940.

M. Rouméas, P. Gillieron, A. Kourta, Journal of Fluid Engineering. 130 (2008) 1.