Vol 17, No 1 (2013) > Articles >

Biodiesel Reactor Design with Glycerol Separation to Increase Biodiesel Production Yield

Budy Rahmat 1 , Imas Setiasih 2 , Roni Kastaman 2


  1. Faculty of Agriculture , Universitas Siliwangi, Tasikmalaya 46115, Indonesia
  2. Faculty of Agriculture Industrial Technology, Universitas Padjadjaran, Jatinangor 45363, Indonesia


Abstract: The study consisted of reactor design used for transesterification process, effect of glycerol separation ontransesterification reaction, determination of biodiesel quality, and mass balance analysis. The reactor was designed byintegrating circulated pump/stirrer, static mixer, and sprayer that intensify the reaction in the outer tank reactor. The objective was to reduce the use of methanol in excess and to shorten the processing time. The results showed that thereactor that applied the glycerol separation was able to compensate for the decreased use of the reactant methanol from 6:1 to 5:1 molar ratio, and changed the mass balance in the product, including: (i) the increase of biodiesel productionfrom 42.37% to 49.34%, and (ii) the reduction of methanol in excess from 42.37% to 32.89%. The results suggested that the efficiency of biodiesel production could be increased with the glycerol separation engineering.
Keywords: biodiesel, design, glycerol phase separation, reactor
Published at: Vol 17, No 1 (2013) pages: 11-16

Access Counter: 2299 views, 2209 PDF downloads, .

Full PDF Download


M.A. Dube, A.Y. Tremblay, J. Liu, J. Bioresour. Tech. 98/3 (2007) 639.

J.C. Thompson, B.B. He, Am. Soc. Agri. Bio. Eng. 50/1 (2007) 161.

R. Alamsyah, A.H. Tambunan, Y.A. Purwanto, D. Kusdiana, Agric. Eng. Internat. CIGR J. 7 (2008) 1.

B. Wenzel, M. Tait, A. Módenes, A. Kroumov, Bioauto. J. 5 (2006) 13.

R.N.M. Kamil, S. Yusup, Bioresource Tech. J. 101 (2010) 5877.

H. Wijaksana, G.B.W. Kusuma, Asian J. Energy Env. 8/4 (2007) 650.

R. Kastaman, T. Herwanto, Y. Iskandar, J. Agrikultura 17 (2005) 1.

Yoeswono, Triyono, I. Tahir, Indonesian J. Chem. 8/2 (2008) 219.

B. Rahmat, I.S Setiasih, R. Kastaman, Indonesian J. Chem. 12/3b ( 2012) 255.

Anon., Badan Standarisasi Nasional, www.bsn.go.id. 2006.

G. Knothe, JAOC 83/10 (2006) 823.