Vol 21, No 2 (2017) > Civil Engineering and Architecture >

Urban Drainage Management and Flood Control Improvement Using the Duflow Case Study: Aur Sub Catchment, Palembang, South Sumatra, Indonesia

Charlotte de Fraiture 1 , Robiyanto Hendro Susanto 2 , F.X. Suryadi 1 , Harrini Mutiara Hapsari Wahyu 3


  1. Department of Land and Water Development, Water Science and Engineering, UNESCO IHE, Westvest 7 2611 AX Delft, The Netherlands
  2. Integrated River Lowland Coastal Development Management and Planning, Double Degree Program Pengelolaan Lingkungan, Universitas Sriwijaya, Palembang 30139, Indonesia
  3. Faculty of Civil Engineering, Universitas Sriwijaya, Inderalaya, Ogan Ilir, Sumatera Selatan 30662, Indonesia


Abstract: Urban flooding oftentimes staggers the livelihood in an urban area mostly in the lowland parts. The research location is in Palembang, Indonesia with approximately 30% of the urban part is in lowland areas. Aur Sub Catchment is one of the 20 sub catchments of Palembang and located in Silaberanti. The main objective of this research is to improve the current drainage system in order to achieve the optimal design for urban drainage arrangement. This research was developed using Duflow (Dutch Flow) 3.8.3 and ArcGIS 10.1 to schematize the drainage system. As a result, there are three development scenarios established; the first scenario is the existing condition, the second scenario is the extreme condition, and the third scenario is the improvement possibilities of the existing drainage system. There are three different types of improvement: dredging, dike, a pump, and a flap gate.  In conclusion, the most feasible, effective, and efficient alternative for overcoming the flooding in Silaberanti is a flap gate combined with the dike construction in the river.  In addition, the implementation of concept “Living with Water” for the further urban expansion is necessary. These technical and practical approaches need to be combined for solving the flooding in Silaberanti.
Keywords: DUFLOW, drainage system, inundation, urban drainage, urban flooding
Published at: Vol 21, No 2 (2017) pages: 83-92

Access Counter: 555 views, 539 PDF downloads, .

Full PDF Download


P. Ankum, Design of Open-Channels and Hydraulic Structures,. Faculteit Civiele Techniek en Geowetenschappen, Netherland, Lecture Notes, 2002.

R. Ashley, S. Garvin, E. Pasche, A. Vassilopoulus, C. Zevenbergen, Advances in Urban Flood Management, Taylor & Francais, London, UK, 2007.

O.B Azeez, F.J. Ayoola, Eur. J. Health. Econ. 4/17 (2013) 94.

A. Badawy, H. Abdel-Salam, H. Ayad, AEJ. 54 (2015) 1225.

P.B. Bedient, W.C. Huber, B.E. Vieux, Hydrology and Floodplain Analysis, 4th ed., Pearson International Edition, Upper Sadder River, NJ 07458, 2008.

G. Belaud, X. Litrico, B. De Graaf, J.P. Baume, J. Irrig. Drain. Eng. 134/3 (2008) 315.

F. Bertolo, Catchment Delineation and Characterisation.

Space Application Institute, Joint Research Centre Ispra (Va), Italy, 2000.

C.M. Burt, R. Angold, M. Lehmkuhl, S. Styles, J. Irrig. Drain. Eng. 127 (2001) 84.

D. Butler, J.W. Davies, Urban Drainage, 2nd ed., Spon Press, London, 2004.

K. Chinnayakanahalli, R. Hill, J. Olson, C. Koreber, D.G. Tarboton, C. Hwakins, Multi-Watershed of Regional Watershed Analyses. Utah State University, Utah, 2006.

P. de Laat, Workshop on Hydrology. UNESCOIHE Institue for Water Education - WSE Dept, Netherlands, 2014.

P. de Laat, H. Savenije, Hydrology. UNESCO-IHE

Institue for Water Education - WSE Dept, Netherlands, Lecture Note, 2014.

EDS, Duflow Manual. EDS, Delft, 1995.

F. Federal Emergency Management Agency, FEMA. gov, https://www.fema.gov/pdf/floodplain/nfip_sg_unit_1.pdf, 2015.

Gustini, E. (2009). Palembang Urban Drainage and Flood Protection Development. Delft: UNESCO-IHE.

C.T. Haan, B.J. Barfield, J.C. Hayes, Design Hydrology

and Sedimentology for Small Catchments, Academic Press, San Diego, California, 1994.

D. Haase, Environ. Impact. Assess. Rev. 29/4 (2009) 211.

H. Hidayat, Konteks Ekologi Kota Tepian Sungai dalam Perspektif Lokalitas Bahan Bangunan, Architecture

Event, 2014.

L. ITB, L. Final Report of the Masterplan Drainage System in Palembang, 2004.

R.J. Kodoatie, Rekayasa dan Manajemen Banjir Kota: Penerbit ANDI, Yogyakarta, 2013.

Lazuardi. Urban Drainage System and Flood Protection in Palembang City. UNESCO-IHE, Delft,

R.H. McCuen, (1989). Hydrology Analysis and Design. Prentice Hall, Inc., Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey 07632, 1989.

Mujumdar, P. Stochastic Hydrology, Department of Civil Engineering: Indian Institute of Science, Lecture Note, n.d.

U.P. Palembang, Rencana Tata Bangun Lahan (RTBL).Urban Planning and Development Board of Palembang (BAPPEDA), Palembang, 2008.

U.P. Palembang, Palembang in Figure 2014. Urban Planning and Development Board of Palembang (BAPPEDA), Palembang, 2014.

J. Parkinson, O. Mark, Urban Stormwater Management

in Developing Countries. Gray Publishing, Turnbridge Wells, UK, 2005.

P. Paron, Introduction to GIS and Remote Sensing Guided Exercise. Water Science and Engineering Department - Unesco IHE, Netherlands, 2014.

D. Purnomo, Urban Drainage Evaluation and Flood Mitigation Measures Case Study: Lambidaro River Palembang City. UNESCO-IHE, Delft, 2013.

T.Y. Puspita, Public Preference for Flood Risk Reduction: Case Study of Bendung Sub-Basin, Palembang

City, South Sumatra, Indonesia. UNESCO-IHE, Delft, 2014.

H.P. Ritzema, Drainage Principle and Application.

International Institute for Land Reclamation and Improvement, Wageningen, 1994.

L. Schmocker, Hydraulics of Dike Breaching. Université

Catholique de Louvain, Belgium, 2011.

F.J. Smits, C.J. Hemker, Modelling The Interaction of Surface-water and Groundwater Flow by Linking Duflow to MicroFem, FEM_MODFLOW, Karlovy Vary, Czech Republic, 2004.

Stowa/MS.Systems, Duflow Modelling Studio, Duflow Manual, 2004 (August).

Stowa/MX.Systems, Duflow Modelling Studio, User's Guide. 2006 (February).

Suripin, Sustainable Urban Drainage System. Andi Offset, Yogyakarta, 2004 (in Indonesian).

C.E. Tucci, Urban Drainage in Specific Climates: Urban Drainage in Humid Tropic. International Hydrological Programme, Paris, 2001.

S.G. Walesh, Urban Surface Water Management, 1st ed.,Wiley-Interscience, New York, 1989.

M.O. Works, Panduan dan Petunjuk Praktis Pengelolaan Drainase Perkotaan. Jakarta, 2003 (in Indonesian).

W.Y. Yuan, A. Shaker, N. El-Ashmawy, Urban land cover classification using airborne LiDAR data: A review, 2014.

C. Zevenbergen, A. Cashman, N. Evelpidou, E. Pasche, S. Garvin, R. Ashley, Urban Flood Management. Taylor & Francais Group, London, UK, 2011.