Vol 21, No 1 (2017) > Civil Engineering and Architecture >

A Plastic Design Method for RC Moment Frame Buildings against Progressive Collapse

Hadi Faghihmaleki 1


  1. Molla-Sadra College of Ramsar, Technical and Vocational University, Ramsar, Iran



this study, progressive collapse potential of generic 3-, 8- and 12-storey RC
moment frame buildings designed based on IBC-2006 code was investigated by
performing non-linear static and dynamic analyses. It was observed that the
model structures had high potential for progressive collapse when the second
floor column was suddenly removed. Then, the size of beams required to satisfy
the failure criteria for progressive collapse was obtained by using the virtual
work method; i.e., using the equilibrium
of the external work done by gravity load due to loss of a column and the
internal work done by plastic rotation of beams. According to the nonlinear
dynamic analysis results, the model structures designed only for normal load
turned out to have strong potential for progressive collapse whereas the structures
designed by plastic design concept for progressive collapse satisfied the
failure criterion recommended by the GSA code. 

Keywords: RC moment frame buildings, progressive collapse, plastic design, virtual work method, non-linear dynamic analysis
Published at: Vol 21, No 1 (2017) pages: 7-12

Access Counter: 1520 views, 1119 PDF downloads, .

Full PDF Download


M. Li, M. Sasani, J. Eng. Struct. 95 (2015) 71.

G.R. Abdollahzadeh, H. Faghihmaleki, H. Esmaili, Alexandria, Eng. J. (2017). http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.aej. 2016.09.015.

G.R. Abdollahzadeh, H. Faghihmaleki, Int. J. Dam. Mech. 0 (2017) 1. doi: 10.1177/1056789516651919.

N.B.C.C, National Research Council of Canada, Ottawa, Canada, 1995.

Eurocode 1, Actions on structures, European Committee for Standardization, Brussels, 2002.

I.C.C. International Building Code, International Code Council, Falls Church, Virginia, 2006.

ACI 318. Building Code Requirements for Structural Concrete (ACI 318-02) and Commentary (ACI318R-02), American Concrete Institute, Farmington Hills, Michigan, 2002.

ASCE7-05, Minimum Design Loads for Buildings and Other Structures, American Society of Civil Engineers, New York, 2005.

GSA, Progressive Collapse Analysis and Design Guidelines for New Federal Office Buildings and Major Modernization Projects, The U.S. General Services Administration, 2003.

Unified Facilities Criteria (UFC)-DoD, Design of Buildings to Resist Progressive Collapse, Department of Defense, USA, 2005.

FEMA NEHRP Guidelines for the Seismic Rehabilitation of Buildings, FEMA-273, Federal Emergency Management Agency, Washington, D.C, 1997.

M. Sasani, S. Sagiroglu, J. Struct. Eng. 134 (2008) 478.

X. Lu, X. Lin, Y. Ma, Y. Li, L. Ye, the 14th World Conf. Earth. Eng. Beijing, China, 2008, p.12.

J. Kim, J. Park, J. St. Comp. Struct. 8 (2008) 85.

F. Fu, J. Construc. St. Research. 65 (2009) 1269.

A.G. Vlassis, B.A. Izzuddin, A.Y. Elghazouli, D.A. Nethercot, J. Eng. Struct. 30 (2008) 1424.

W. Yi, Q. He, Y. Xiao, S.K. Kunnath, ACI. Struct. J. 105 (2008) 4.

FEMA, Prestandard and Commentary for the Seismic Rehabilitation of Buildings, FEMA-356, Federal Emergency Management Agency, Washington, D.C., 2006.

SeismoSoft, A Computer Program for Static and Dynamic Nonlinear Analysis of Framed Structures, SeismoStruct, Version 6, http://www.seismosoft.com/, 2012.

S. Mazzoni, F. McKenna, M.H. Scott, G.L. Fenves, Pac. Earth. Eng. Res. Cent. Berkeley, California, 2006.

S. Faroughia, J. Lee, J. Buil. Eng. 2 (2015) 1.

AISC Seismic Provisions for Structural Steel Buildings, American Institute of Steel Construction, Chicago, Illinois, 2005.

H. Faghihmaleki, E.K. Najafi, A.H. Aini, Int. J. Struc. Integ. 8 (2017) 24.

A. Khaloo, S. Nozhati, H. Masoomi, H. Faghihmaleki, J. Build. Eng. 7 (2016) 23.

S.S.J. Moy, Plastic Methods for Steel and Concrete Structures, New Jersey, USA: Wiley, 1981, p.221.

G.R. Abdollahzadeh, H. Faghihmaleki, Int. J. Earth. Struc. 12 (2017) 47.

G.R. Abdollahzadeh, H. Faghihmaleki, Int. J. Struct. Eng. 7 (2016) 331.