Vol 19, No 3 (2015) > Material and Metalurgical Engineering >

Independency of Elasticity on Residual Stress of Room Temperature Rolled Stainless Steel 304 Plates for Structure Materials

Parikin Parikin 1 , David Allen 2


  1. Center for Science and Technology of Advance Materials, National Nuclear Energy Agency, Banten 15314, Indonesia
  2. School of Health and Mechanical Engineering, Queensland University of Technology, Brisbane QLD 4000, Australia


Abstract: Mechanical strengths of materials are widely expected in general constructions of any building. These properties depend on its formation (cold/hot forming) during fabrication. This research was carried out on cold-rolled stainless steel (SS) 304 plates, which were deformed to 0, 34, 84, and 152% reduction in thickness. The tests were conducted using Vickers method. Ultra micro indentation system (UMIS) 2000 was used to determine the mechanical properties of the material, i.e.: hardness, modulus elasticity, and residual stresses. The microstructures showed lengthening outcropping due to stress corrosion cracking for all specimens. It was found that the tensile residual stress in a specimen was maximum, reaching 442 MPa, for a sample reducing 34% in thickness and minimum; and about 10 MPa for a 196% sample. The quantities showed that the biggest residual stress caused lowering of the proportional limit of material in stress-strain curves. The proportional modulus elasticity varied between 187 GPa and of about 215 GPa and was free from residual stresses.
Keywords: cold-rolling, hardness and microstructures, modulus elasticity, residual stress, stainless steel 304
Published at: Vol 19, No 3 (2015) pages: 97-102

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