Vol 20, No 2 (2016) > Chemical Engineering >

Use of Green Mussel Shell as a Desulfurizer in the Blending of Low Rank Coal-Biomass Briquette Combustion

Mahidin Mahidin 1 , Asri Gani 1 , M. Reza Hani 1 , Muhammad Syukur 1 , Hamdani Hamdani 2 , Khairil Khairil 2 , Samsul Rizal 2 , Abdul Hadi 3 , T.M.I. Mahlia 4


  1. Department of Chemical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Universitas Syiah Kuala, Banda Aceh 23111, Indonesia
  2. Department of Mechanical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Universitas Syiah Kuala, Banda Aceh 23111, Indonesia
  3. Department of Chemical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Universiti Teknologi MARA, Shah Alam 40450, Malaysia
  4. Department of Mechanical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Universiti Tenaga Nasional, Kajang 43000, Malaysia


Abstract: Calcium oxide-based material is available abundantly and naturally. A potential resource of that material comes from marine mollusk shell such as clams, scallops, mussels, oysters, winkles and nerites. The CaO-based material has exhibited a good performance as the desulfurizer oradsorbent in coal combustion in order to reduce SO2 emission. In this study, pulverized green mussel shell, without calcination, was utilized as the desulfurizer in the briquette produced from a mixture of low rank coal and palm kernel shell (PKS), also known as bio-briquette. The ratio ofcoal to PKS in the briquette was 90:10 (wt/wt). The influence of green mussel shell contents and combustion temperature were examined to prove the possible use of that materialas a desulfurizer. The ratio of Ca to S (Ca = calcium content in desulfurizer; S = sulfur content in briquette) werefixed at 1:1, 1.25:1, 1.5:1, 1.75:1, and 2:1 (mole/mole). The burning (or desulfurization) temperature range was 300-500 °C; the reaction time was 720 seconds and the air flow rate was 1.2 L/min. The results showed that green mussel shell can be introduced as a desulfurizer in coal briquette or bio-briquette combustions. The desulfurization process using that desulfurizer exhibited the first order reaction and the highest average efficiency of 84.5%.
Keywords: desulfurizer, biomass, briquette, combustion, green mussel shell, low rank coal
Published at: Vol 20, No 2 (2016) pages: 97-102

Access Counter: 594 views, 531 PDF downloads, .

Full PDF Download


G. Lu, H. Kim, J. Yuan, I. Naruse, K. Ohtake, M. Kamide, Energy Fuels. 12 (1998) 689.

I. Naruse, H. Kim, G. Lu, J. Yuan, K. Ohtake, Int. Symp. Combustion. 27 (1998) 2973.

N. Viriya-empikul, P. Krasae, B. Puttasawat, B. Yoosuk, N. Chollacoop, K. Faungnawakij, Bioresour. Technol. 101 (2010) 3765.

J. Boro, D. Deka, A.J. Thakur, Renew. Sustain. Energy Rev. 16 (2012) 904.

R. Rezaei, M. Mohadesi, G.R. Moradi, Fuel. 109 (2013) 534.

M. Sánchez, J.M. Marchetti, N. El Boulifi, J. Aracil, M. Martínez, Chem. Eng. J. 262 (2015) 640.

N. Nakatani, H. Takamori, K. Takeda, H. Sakugawa, Bioresour. Technol. 100 (2009) 1510.

J. Boro, A.J. Thakur, D. Deka, Fuel Proc. Technol. 92 (2011) 2061.

Mahidin, A. Gani, Khairil, Makara J. Technol. 15 (2011) 178.

Mahidin, Y. Syamsuddin, S. Rizal, Int. J. Chem. Nuclear, Metall. Mater. Eng. 7 (2013) 400.

Mahidin, A. Gani, A. Muslim, H. Husin, M. R. Hani, M. Syukur, Hamdani, Khairil, S. Rizal, J. Eng. Technol. Sciences (to be published).

R. Yan, D. Gauthier, G. Flamant, M. Badie, Fuel 78 (1999) 1817.

D.L. Kaplan, Biomater. 3 (1998) 232.

L. Yang, A. Zhang, X. Zheng, Energy Fuels. 23 (2009) 3859.

P.F.B. Hansen, K. Dam-Johansen, K. Ostergaard, Chem. Eng. Sci. (1993) 1325.

C.D. Sheng, M.H. Xu, J. Zhang, Y.Q. Xu, Fuel

Proc. Technol. 64 (2000) 1.

A. Gani, Khairil, L. Mairiza, Proceeding of SNTKI 2009, Bandung, Indonesia, 2009.

L.K. Wang, C. Williford, W.-Y. Chen, in: L.K. Wang, N.C. Pereira, Y.-T. Hung (Eds.), Handbook of Environmental Engineering, vol. 2, Humana Press, New Jersey, 2005, p. 35.

P. Siritheerasas, K. Bunyakiat, S. Osuwan, Thammasat Int. J. Sci. Technol. 5 (2000) 34.

J. Zhou, J. Cheng, X. Cao, J. Liu, X. Zhao, Z. Huang, K. Cen, Energy. 26 (2001) 759.

J. Cheng, J. Zhou, J. Liu, Z. Zhou, Z. Huang, X. Cao, X. Zhao, K. Cen, Prog. Energy Combus. Sci. 29 (2003) 381.

L.J. Muzio, G.R. Offen, J. Air Pollut. Control Assoc. 37 (1987) 642.

C.X. Chen, T. Kojima, Fuel Proc. Technol. 53 (1997) 49.

J. Wang, S. Gao, W. Wang, K. Sakamoto, Earozoru Kenkyu, J. Aerosol Res. 14 (1999) 162.

Q. Wang, G. Lu, K. Sakamoto, T. Maruyama, H. Kim, I. Naruse, S. Hatakeyama, T. Mizoguchi, R. Luo, M. Kamide, Earozoru Kenkyu (Journal of Aerosol Research) 15 (2000) 364.

M. Sadakata, T. Shinbo, A. Harano, H. Yamamoto, H.J. Kim, J. Chem. Eng. Japan 27 (1994) 550.

W. Duo, N.F. Kirkby, J.P.K. Seville, R. Clift, Chem. Eng. Sci. 50 (1995) 2017.

W. Duo, J.P.K. Seville, N.F. Kirkby, R. Clift, Chem. Eng. Sci. 49 (1994) 4429.

W. Duo, K. Laursen, J. Lim, J. Grace, Powder Technol. 111 (2000) 154.