Vol 21, No 3 (2017) > Chemical Engineering >

Adsorption of Cu(Ii) Ions in Aqueous Solution Onto Limonia Acidissima Shellbased Activated Carbon: Kinetic and Isotherm Studies

Abrar Muslim 1 , Syahiddin Dahlan Said 1 , Gita Suci Hariati 1 , Siti Fajar Karina 1 , Fauzi Muhammad Djuned 1 , Rizka Mulyawan 2

Affiliations:

  1. Process Technology Laboratory, Department of Chemical Engineering, Universitas Syiah Kuala, Banda Aceh 23111, Indonesia
  2. Department of Chemical Engineering, Monash University, Victoria 3168, Australia

 

Abstract: Adsorption of Cu(II) ions from aqueous solution using activated carbon utilised from Limonia acidissima fruit shell (LAFS-AC) was conducted in batch mode experiments at pH 5 (±0.15), 100 rpm and 1 atm. The effects of contact time, initial Cu(II) ions concentration, KOH concentration and adsorption temperature were investigated. To investigate the active site and surface morphology of the LAFS-AC, FT-IR and SEM analyses were performed. The Cu(II) ions adsorption was fitted very well (R2 = 0.94 on average) to the pseudo second-order adsorption kinetic with the adsorption capacity and rate being 25.58 mg/g and 0.07 g/mg.min, respectively at 27 oC by the LAS AC activated using 0.5 M KOH. It was 26.88 mg/g and 0.15 g/mg.min, respectively at 60 oC. The Cu(II) ions adsorption followed the Langmuir isotherm adsorption model (LAIM) (R2 = 0.98 on average) with the LAIM adsorption capacity and constant being 26.67 mg/g and 0.03 L/g, respectively at 27 oC, and it was 26.95 mg/g and 0.09 L/g, respectively at 60 oC. The optimal adsorption condition obtained was the 0.5 M KOH activated LAFS-AC, initial Cu(II) concentration of 509.81 mg/L and 120-min contact time at 60 oC with the Cu(II) ions adsorption capacity of 26.95 mg/g.
Keywords: activated carbon, isotherm, kinetic, limonia acidissima shell
Published at: Vol 21, No 3 (2017) pages: 129-136
DOI:

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