Vol 21, No 3 (2017) > Industrial Engineering >

Indonesia’s Municipal Solid Waste 3R and Waste to Energy Programs

Farizal Farizal 1 , Radityo Aji 1 , Amar Rachman 1 , Nasruddin Nasruddin 2 , Teuku Meurah Indra Mahlia 3


  1. Department of Industrial Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Universitas Indonesia, Depok 16424, Indonesia
  2. Department of Mechanical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Universitas Indonesia, Depok 16424, Indonesia
  3. Faculty of Integrated Technologies, Universiti Brunei Darussalam, Gadong BE1410, Brunei Darussalam


Abstract: Like most cities in the world, population in Indonesia continues to grow every year. Problems that can arise from this are the increasing amount of municipal solid waste (MSW) production and the growing demand for electricity. To deal with the problems, Indonesian government runs 3R (Reduce, Reuse and Recycle) and WTE (Waste to Energy) Programs simultaneously. 3R program aims to reduce the number of waste, while WTE program aims to generate electricity as an alternative energy source. This study aims to find out the optimal proportion of MSW treated through the 3R and WTE programs. For the purpose a goal programming model has been developed and solved using LINGO 11. The results showed that the optimal proportion of MSW through the 3R program is 49.90%, 12.37% through WTE program. This leaves 37.73% of waste untreated. The electricity generated from WTE program reached 1,229.695 GWh, total emissions can be saved is 1,809,208.2 tons CO2 equivalent and total land-use for the programs is 4,036,239.1 m2. This study was enriched by performing some scenarios, i.e. changing budget allocation of WTE program, shifting the limit of total emission from waste management and shifting the limit of land-use for waste treatment.
Keywords: 3R, goal programming, MSW, Optimization, WTE
Published at: Vol 21, No 3 (2017) pages: 153-159

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