Vol 23, No 1 (2019) > Mini Conference >

Molecularly Conductive Behavior of Blended Polymer Electrolyte-based CMC/PVA

Noor Saadiah Mohd Ali 1 , Dishen Zhang 2 , Yuki Nagao 2 , Ahmad Salihin Samsudin 3


  1. Department of Chemistry, Center for Foundation Studies, International Islamic University Malaysia, 26300 Gambang, Pahang
  2. School of Materials Science, Japan Advanced Institute of Science and Technology, 1-1 Asahidai, Nomi, Ishikawa 923-1292, Japan
  3. Ionic Materials Team, Faculty of Industrial Sciences & Technology, University Malaysia Pahang, Lebuhraya Tun Razak, 26300, Kuantan, Pahang


Abstract: This study investigated the electrical
conduction and structural behavior of blended polymer electrolyte (BPE)-based
carboxymethyl cellulose (CMC) and polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) in the development of
solid-state electrochemical devices. Based on impedance spectroscopy and
correlating Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) with thermogravimetric analysis,
a framework was proposed to explain the structural enhancement of the BPE
system. As revealed by FTIR, the optimum conductivity of CMC/PVA BPEs was 9.21
× 10−6 Scm−1 for 80:20 composition attributed to the intermolecular attraction
between the polymers. Thermal stability of the CMC/PVA was influenced by the
formation of a hydrogen bond between the hydroxyl (-OH), carboxylate (-COO-), and ether linkage (-COC-) functional groups. The finding provides insights into blended polymer electrolyte-based CMC/PVA, which is beneficial in designing
safe, thin, and lightweight energy storage devices.
Keywords: blended polymer electrolytes, carboxyl methylcellulose, ionic conductivity, structural studies
Published at: Vol 23, No 1 (2019) pages: 27-31

Access Counter: 392 views, 261 PDF downloads, .

Full PDF Download


J.R. MacCallum, C.A. Vincent, Polymer electrolyte reviews, Springer Science and Business Media, Berlin, Germany; 1989.

F. Bella, N.N. Mobarak, F.N. Jumaah, A. Ahmad, Electrochim. Acta 151 (2015) 306.

C.M. Shih, Y.L. Wu, Y.C. Wang, S.R. Kumar, Y.L. Tung, C.C. Yang, S.J. Lue, J. Electrochim. Acta 151 (2015) 306.

Photochem. Photobiol. A: Chemistry 356 (2018) 565.

J.J. Kalaiselvimary, M.R. Prabhu, J. Mater Sci: Mater Electron. 29 (2018) 5525.

A.A. Samsudin, M. Aziz, M. Isa, Int. J. Polym. Anal. Charact. 17 (2012) 600.

D. Kasprzak, I. Stępniak, M. Galiński, J. Solid State Electrochem. (2018) 1.

J. Shi, Y. Yang, H. Shao, J. Membr. Sci. 547 (2018) 1.

D. Xu, B. Wang, Q. Wang, S. Gu, W. Li, J. Jin, C. Chen, Z. Wen, ACS Appl. Mater Interfaces. 10 (2018) 17809.

S. Ponmani, J. Kalaiselvimary, M. Ramesh Prabhu, J. Solid State Electrochem. 22 (2018) 2605.

M.A. Saadiah, A.S. Samsudin, IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering 342 (2018) 012045.

F. Scheiba, N. Benker, U. Kunz, C. Roth, H. Fuess, J. Power Sources 177 (2008) 273.

H. Fasihi, M. Fazilati, M. Hashemi, N. Noshirvani, Carbohydr. Polym.167 (2017) 79.

A. Adegbola, I. Aghachi, O. Sadiku-Agboola, Alexandria engineering journal 57 (2018) 475.

C.Y. Huang, K.H. Hu, Z.H. Wei, Scientific Reports 6 (2016) 37960.

A. Samsudin, M. Isa, J. Appl. Sci. 12 (2012) 174-9.

M.M. Coleman, D.J. Skrovanek, J. Hu, P.C. Painter, Macromolecules 21 (1988) 59.

U. Riaz, S.M. Ashraf, In: S. Thomas, Y. Grohens, P. Jyotishkumar (Eds.), Characterization of Polymer Blends, Wiley‐VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KgaA, Weinheim, Germany, 2014, p.625.

M. Buraidah, A. Arof, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 357 (2011) 3261.

S. El-Sayed, K. Mahmoud, A. Fatah, A. Hassen, Phys. Rev. B: Condens. Matter 406 (2011) 4068.

A.A. Ibrahim, A.M. Adel, Z.H.A. El–Wahab, M.T. Al–Shemy, Carbohydr. Polym. 83 (2011) 94.

G.R. Mahdavinia, A. Massoudi, A. Baghban, E. Shokri, J. Environ. Chem. Engin. 2 (2014) 1578.

K. Meena, K. Muthu, V. Meenatchi, M. Rajasekar, G. Bhagavannarayana, S. Meenakshisundaram, Spectroc. Acta Pt. A-Molec. Biomolec. Spectr. 124 (2014) 663.

S. Rudhziah, A. Ahmad, I. Ahmad, N. Mohamed, Electrochim. Acta 175 (2015) 162.

K. Sundaramahalingam, D. Vanitha, N. Nallamuthu, A. Manikandan, M. Muthuvinayagam, Phys. B: Condens. Matter. 553 (2019) 120.

S. Kumar, G.K. Prajapati, A.L. Saroj, P.N. Gupta, Phys. B: Condens. Matter. 554 (2019) 158.

Y.L. Traore, M. Fumakia, J. Gu, E.A. Ho, J. Biomater. Apps. 32 (2018) 1119.