Vol 24, No 1 (2020) > Chemical Engineering >

Comparison of Phytoremediation and Filtration for Diamond-mine-tailings Water Treatment

M. Hafidhuddin Noor 1 , Mijani Rahman 2 , Akhmad Gazali 1 , Nia Kania 3 , Aulia Rahma 4 , Erdina Lulu Atika Rampun 4 , Amalia Enggar Pratiwi 5 , Muthia Elma 5

Affiliations:

  1. Doctoral Program, Universitas Lambung Mangkurat, ULM Campus Banjarbaru, South Kalimantan 70714, Indonesia
  2. Department of Water Resource Management, Fishery and Marine Science Faculty, Universitas Lambung Mangkurat, ULM Campus Banjarbaru, South Kalimantan 70714, Indonesia
  3. Medical Faculty, Universitas Lambung Mangkurat, ULM Campus Banjarbaru, South Kalimantan 70714, Indonesia
  4. Chemical Engineering Department, Engineering Faculty, Universitas Lambung Mangkurat, ULM Campus Banjarbaru, South Kalimantan 70714, Indonesia
  5. Materials and Membranes Research Group (M2ReG), Universitas Lambung Mangkurat, ULM Campus Banjarbaru, South Kalimantan 70714, Indonesia

 

Abstract: This work aims to treat a polluted diamond mine tailing ponds water located in South Kalimantan, Indonesia using phytoremediation and simple filtration processes. Einchhornia Crassipes (water hyacinth) was employed as biomass during the phytoremediation process. Also, several medias filter such as gravel (10-15 mm) and sand (0.1-1 mm) were employed for the simple filtration set up. These materials were added in the simple filtration reactors with up-flow system (down to top). 16 L diamond tailing water was poured into 5 reactors (40x50x30 cm in volume) and tested for 7 days in the phytoremediation process using batch method. It is observed that BOD and COD values of tailing raw water are much higher than national maximum standard (8.9 and 22 mg.L-1, respectively). From the experiment, it was found that phytoremediation process has ability to increase 55% of DO better than the filtration process when using diamond mine tailings water. Also, BOD and COD values were excellently reduced from 25 to 80 %. Interestingly, during the phytoremediation process, Fe, Mn and ammonia contents as metal contents have greatly reduced as much as 81.0; 87.7 and 75.0%wt, respectively. Those contents sharply diminished 78.0; 78.7 and 71.0 wt%, respectively within 7 days
Keywords: phytoremediation process, simple filtration process, diamond mine tailings water
Published at: Vol 24, No 1 (2020) pages: 43-52
DOI:

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