Vol 24, No 1 (2020) > MJT Intl Meeting on Collaborative Technologies >

Ionic Conductivity and Electrochemical Properties of Alginate–NN4NO3-Based Biopolymer Electrolytes for EDLC Application

Norfatihah binti Mazuki 1 , Nur Muhitul Jalilah Rasali 1 , Bouchta Sahraoui 2 , Ahmad Salihin Samsudin 1


  1. Ionic Materials Team, Faculty of Industrial Sciences & Technology, Universiti Malaysia Pahang, Kuantan 26300, Pahang Malaysia
  2. Université d’Angers, CNRS UMR 6200, Laboratoire MOLTECH-Anjou, 2 bd Lavoisier, 49045 ANGERS Cedex, France


Abstract: The alginate doped with various content of ammonium nitrate (NH4NO3) as solid biopolymer electrolytes (SBEs) has been carried out in this work by casting method using distilled water as solvent. The impedance studies of alginate-NH4NO3 SBEs film were determined via impedance spectroscopy. The lowest value of bulk resistance, Rb shows the maximum ionic conductivity is observed at 5.56 x 10-5 S cm-1 for sample containing with 25 wt. % NH4NO3 at ambient temperature (303K). The temperature dependence of ionic conductivity has been evaluated and confirm the present electrolytes follows Arrhenius behavior. The highest conducting sample was fabricated into electrical double layer and characterized for their electrochemical properties by using cyclic voltammetry (CV) and galvanostatic charge-discharged (GCD). The specific capacitance obtained from CV analysis shows decreasing pattern as increased the scan rate. While the value of specific capacitance calculated from GCD analysis exhibits almost persistent value up to 5000th cycles.
Keywords: alginate, ionic conductivity, EDLC, specific capacitance, CD profile
Published at: Vol 24, No 1 (2020) pages: 7-12

Access Counter: 153 views, 71 PDF downloads, .

Full PDF Download


M. Chai, M. Isa, Int. J. Adv. Technol. Eng. Res. 2/6 (2012) 36.

Z. Ahmad, M.I.N. Isa, Int. J. Latest Res. Sci. Technol. 1 (2012) 2278.

V. Moniha, M. Alagar, S. Selvasekarapandian, B. Sundaresan, G. Boopathi, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 481 (2018) 424.

M.A. Ramlli, M.I.N. Isa, J. Phys. Chem. B 120/44 (2016) 11567.

M.H. Hamsan, S.B. Aziz, M.F. Shukur, M.F.Z. Kadir, Ionics 25/2 (2019) 559.

Y.K. Sit, A.S. Samsudin, M.I.N. Isa, Res. J. Rec. Sci. 2277 (2012) 2502.

N.A.N. Aziz, N.K. Idris, M.I.N. Isa, Int. J. Polym. Anal. Charact. 15/5 (2010) 319.

N.H. Ahmad, M.I.N. Isa, Adv. Mater. Res. (2015) 247.

J. Du, Y. Bai, W. Chu, L. Qiao, J. Polym. Sci. Part B Polym. Phys. 48/3 (2010) 260.

S. Selvalakshmi, N. Vijaya, S. Selvasekarapandian, M. Premalatha, J. Appl. Polym. Sci. 134/15 (2017) 44702.

N. Vijaya, S. Selvasekarapandian, M. Sornalatha, K. Sujithra, S. Monisha, Ionics 23/10 (2017) 2799.

D.F. Vieira, C.O. Avellaneda, A. Pawlicka, Electrochim. Acta 53/4 (2007) 1404.

A.F. Fuzlin, N.M.J. Rasali, A.S. Samsudin, IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering, 2018, 012080.

M. Shukur, M. Kadir, Ionics 21/1 (2015) 111.

C.-W. Liew, S. Ramesh, A.K. Arof, Energy 109 (2016) 546.

K.A. Francis, C.-W. Liew, S. Ramesh, K. Ramesh, Ionics 22/6 (2016) 919.

G. Pandey, Y. Kumar, S. Hashmi, Solid State Ionics 190/1 (2011) 93.

N. Rajeswari, S. Selvasekarapandian, C. Sanjeeviraja, J. Kawamura, S.A. Bahadur, Polym. Bull. 71/5 (2014) 1061.

S. Rudhziah, A. Ahmad, I. Ahmad, N. Mohamed, Electrochim. Acta 175 (2015) 162.

S. Selvasekarapandian, M. Hema, J. Kawamura, O. Kamishima, R. Baskaran, J. Phys. Soc. Jpn. 79/Suppl. A (2010) 163.

S.Y. Poy, S. Bashir, F.S. Omar, N.M. Saidi, N.K. Farhana, V. Sundararajan, K. Ramesh, S. Ramesh, J. Polym. Res. 27/3 (2020) 50.

N.E.A. Shuhaimi, L.P. Teo, H.J. Woo, S.R. Majid, A.K. Arof, Polym. Bull. 69/7 (2012) 807.

C. S. Ramya, S. Selvasekarapandian, T. Savitha, G. Hirankumar, R. Baskaran, M. S. Bhuvaneswari, P. C. Angelo, Eur. Polym. J. 42/10 (2006) 2672.

M. Ravi, Y. Pavani, K.K. Kumar, S. Bhavani, A. K. Sharma, V.V.R.N. Rao, Mater. Chem. Phys. 130/1-2 (2011) 442.

M. Shukur, M. Hamsan, M. Kadir, Mater Today: Proceedings 17 (2019) 490.

S.B. Aziz, M. Hamsan, W.O. Karim, M. Kadir, M. Brza, O.G. Abdullah, Biomolecules 9/7 (2019) 267.

N.S. Nadiah, F.S. Omar, A. Numan, Y.K. Mahipal, S. Ramesh, K. Ramesh, Int. J. Hydrog. Energy 42/52 (2017) 30683.

A.K. Arof, M.Z. Kufian, M.F. Syukur, M.F. Aziz, A.E. Abdelrahman, S.R. Majid, Electrochim. Acta 74 (2012) 39.

S. Mitra, A. Shukla, S. Sampath, J. Power Sources 101/2 (2001) 213.

N. Zainuddin, N. Rasali, N. Mazuki, M. Saadiah, A. Samsudin, Int. J. Hydrog. Energy (2020).

C.-S. Lim, K. Teoh, C.-W. Liew, S. Ramesh, Ionics 20/2 (2014) 251.

C.-W. Liew, S. Ramesh, A. Arof, Int. J. Hydrog. Energy 39/6 (2014) 2953.

G. Pandey, Y. Kumar, S. Hashmi, (2010).

M.F. Shukur, R. Ithnin, M.F.Z. Kadir, Electrochim. Acta 136 (2014) 204.

S. Hashmi, A. Kumar, S. Tripathi, J. Phys. D. Appl. Phys. 40/21 (2007) 6527.

M. Shukur, M. Kadir, Electrochim. Acta 158 (2015) 152.

M.F.Z. Kadir, A.K. Arof, Mater. Res. Innovations 15/sup2 (2011) 217.

A. Arof, N. Shuhaimi, N. Alias, M. Kufian, S. Majid, J. Solid State Electrochem. 14/12 (2010) 2145.