Vol 12, No 1 (2008) > Articles >

Biomass Production Chlorella Vulgaris Buitenzorg Using Series of Bubble Column Photo Bioreactor with a Periodic Illumination

Anondho Wijanarko 1 , Dianursanti Dianursanti 1 , Muryanto Muryanto 1 , Josia Simanjuntak 1 , Praswasti Wulan 1 , Heri Hermansyah 1 , Misri Gozan 1 , Roekmijati Soemantojo 1


  1. Department of Chemical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, University of Indonesia, Depok 16424, Indonesia



Chlorella vulgaris Buitenzorg cultivation using three bubble column photo bioreactors arranged in series with a volume of 200 mL for 130 hours shows an increase of biomass production of Chlorella vulgaris Buitenzorg up to 1.20 times and a decrease of the ability of CO2 fixation compared to single reactor at a periodic sun illumination cycle. The operation conditions on cultivation are as following: T, 29.0oC; P,1 atm.; UG, 2.40 m/h; CO2, 10%; Benneck medium; and illumination source by Phillip Halogen Lamp 20W /12V/ 50Hz. Other research parameters such as microbial carbon dioxide transferred rate (qco2), CO2 transferred rate (CTR), energy consumption for cellular formation (Ex), and cultural bicarbonate species concentration [HCO3] also give better results on series of reactor.

Keywords: Chlorella vulgaris Buitenzorg, sunlight, periodic illumination, photo bioreactor, series configuration
Published at: Vol 12, No 1 (2008) pages: 27-30

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