Vol 6, No 2 (2002) > Articles >

Cetane Number Booster Additive for Diesel Fuel Synthesized from Coconut Oil

Mohammad Nasikin 1 , Rita Arbianti 1 , Abdul Azis 1

Affiliations:

  1. Jurusan Teknik Gas dan Petrokimia, Fakultas Teknik Universitas Indonesia Kampus Baru UI, Depok 16424, Jawa Barat, Indonesia

 

Abstract: To reduce NOx, SOx, HC, and particulates that produce because of using diesel fuel, can be done by increasing cetane number. One of methods is adding an additive to diesel fuel. 2-Ethyl Hexyl Nitrate (2-EHN) is a commercial additive that an organic nitrate. Making an additive in this research is used palm oil by nitration reaction that used HNO3 and H2SO4. Result of this reaction is methyl ester nitrate that has a structure looks like 2-EHN. IR spectra from research show that methyl ester nitrate is indicated by spectrum NO2 at 1635 cm-1. This result show that methyl ester nitrate can be synthesized by nitration reaction and yield is 74,84% volume. Loading 1% methyl ester nitrate to diesel fuel can increase cetane number from 44,68 to 47,49.
Keywords: Methyl ester nitrate, additive, diesel fuel, palm oil
Published at: Vol 6, No 2 (2002) pages: 83-88
DOI:

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